Schizophrenia is basically a mental condition in which there are disturbed
speech, thinking, and emotions. The social and personal life of a person is affected by schizophrenia. It usually begins in late adolescence or early adulthood. It is basically a chronic brain condition that is quite serious in nature. It affects a person’s feelings, behavior, and thinking. It seems like people with schizophrenia lose the connection with reality.
This may cause stress for them, their families, and the people
surrounding them. It is quite a serious mental condition that makes people abnormally interpret their reality. It tends to appear earlier in males as compared to females. In some, the behaviors may show up in childhood while in others the symptoms may come up suddenly.
Schizophrenia is a lifelong condition and there no such treatment till
now but the symptoms can be controlled to help the person cope with their social and personal life.
Symptoms Of Schizophrenia
The symptoms of schizophrenia involve the thoughts, behavior, and emotions of the person. The diagnosis starts with the first episode of psychosis or when the patient first shows the symptom of schizophrenia. The changes in thinking, mood, and behavior start before the first episode of psychosis which usually starts at the end of adolescence. Schizophrenia also has an effect on different people in a different way but all have some common symptoms.
These symptoms should be present in person for at least one month. The common symptos are:
- There are a confusing speech and others may have difficulty in
- There is a lack of expression
- There is a lack of motivation in them.
- There is a lack of emotional expression in them.
- They are having concentration difficulties.
- There are hallucinations and delusions.
- The person may appear irritable, he or she may be anxious or have a lack of focus.
There are false beliefs that are not based on reality. The person believes about certain things but there is no proper evidence for them. For example, there is something that is commenting on them or you believe that something bad is going to occur with them. They sometimes also believe that they are having some extraordinary powers. Delusions are presented in almost all people with schizophrenia.
Some schizophrenic people face hallucinations. It can affect all the senses of the person but the most common type is hearing voices or seeing things that usually don’t exist. Although these things are really not there but still for the person with schizophrenia they have full-blown effects and they think it is a normal experience for them.
Disorganized Thinking Or Speech
The schizophrenic person may have a frequent shift from one topic to another. Their thinking and speech shift from one topic to another and there is no logical reason for that. Therefore, it is quite difficult to understand what the other person is saying or it may be difficult to follow what he/ she is saying. They may also face some memory issues and they have issues understand and process the information which they are getting from the environment.
Some Other Symptoms Include:
Lack of motivation:
There is lack of motivation to do the daily activities also. They may also have a symptom called catatonia in which they are not able to move at all.
Lack of emotional expression:
A schizophrenic person may not be able to show emotional expression according to the situation in which they are present. For example, they are not able to be sad in sad situations.
Don’t have any social life:
A schizophrenic person generally avoid social contact completely because they may be in a fear of others harming them.
Lack of communication:
The schizophrenic person may not be able to communicate with others because of their speech issues.
Treatment For Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia is basically a lifelong condition and cannot be curable.
But the symptoms may be controlled using the combination of drugs and
therapy. The relapse of the episodes of schizophrenia may also be
prevented with medication and therapy. The experience of each person is different and the treatment is applied according to the individual’s symptoms.
Some treatments may include the following:
The Combination Of Antipsychotic Drugs And ECT
The doctor (Dr.R.K.Suri) may prescribe the combination of therapy, psychotic drugs, and rehabilitation and that too depends on the symptoms and severity of the condition the person is facing. Psychotic drugs are the medication used to reduce symptoms such as hallucinations, delusions, and paranoia. In a few cases, the doctor may also prescribe ECT (Electro Convulsive Therapy). This therapy is considered as safest therapy because the psychotic drugs which are given to the patient may have some side effects also. It can be given to patients who have acute symptoms and who are not responding to the medications.