8 Behavioral Signs in Children With ASD

children with ASD
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ASD (autism spectrum disorder) is a severe neurodevelopmental condition. Kanner coined the term “autism” in 1943 to describe children who couldn’t relate to others, had delayed and disordered vocabulary, repetitive habits, and a need to be like everyone else. Wing coined the word “autism spectrum disorders” in 1997 to describe a variety of conditions ranging from aloof children to “active yet unusual” children who share an autistic “triad of impairments. The word “autism spectrum disorders” may apply to autistic disorder, Asperger disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise defined (PDDNOS) in accordance with emerging international practice (atypical autism). Autism is a condition that affects people who are autistic. By 30–36 months, the condition is no longer a mystery.

Symptoms, on the other hand, appear in the second year of life, causing impairments in three major areas of function:

• Contacting different individuals

• Social engagement 

• Behavior with limited and stereotyped interests

Signs and symptoms of ASD

Children with ASD have trouble communicating and engaging with others, as well as small interests and repetitive habits. The following is a list of some of the common behaviors seen in children with ASD. Not everyone with ASD exhibits all of the behaviors described below, but the majority will exhibit.

The following are examples of social contact and interaction behaviors.

  • Making little or no eye contact 
  • Not looking at or listening to people 
  • Rarely sharing enjoyment of items or events with others by pointing at or revealing things to others 
  • Failing to respond to someone calling their name or other verbal attempts to gain attention 
  • Having trouble with the back and forth of conversation 
  • Having an odd tone of voice that can sound sing-song or flat and robot-like 
  • Frequently talking at length about a favorite subject without knowing that others are not involved or without giving others a chance to respond 
  • Having facial expressions, emotions, and gestures that do not fit what is being said 

Having difficulty comprehending another person’s point of view or being unable to anticipate or comprehend the actions of others.

The following are examples of restrictive/repetitive behaviors:

  • Repeating those habits or engaging in unusual behaviors, such as saying the same words or phrases over and over (a behavior called echolalia)
  • Having a long-term fascination with certain subjects, such as numbers, descriptions, or facts.
  • Being irritated by small changes in a routine 
  • Having excessively focused interests, such as in moving objects or pieces of objects.
  • Being more or less sensitive to sensory stimuli, such as light, noise, clothes, or temperature. 
  • Sleep disorders and irritability are normal in children with ASD.

While children with ASD face numerous challenges, they may also possess a number of assets, including:

  • Being good visual and auditory learners 
  • Being able to learn things in-depth and recall details for long periods of time, doing well in math, science, music, or the arts.

Screening, Assessment, and Diagnosis of ASD

It may be difficult to achieve a definitive autism diagnosis. Your doctor will concentrate on your child’s actions and development.

In most cases, diagnosing a child entails two stages.

  • A developmental screening will inform your doctor whether your child’s basic skills, such as listening, communicating, behaving, and moving, are on target. Experts recommend that infants be screened for developmental disabilities at 9 months, 18 months, and 24 or 30 months of age during routine checkups. At their 18-month and 24-month checkups, children are tested strictly for autism.
  • If your child exhibits signs of concern during these screenings, they would need a more thorough assessment. Hearing and vision tests, as well as genetic tests, may be included. Your doctor can refer you to a developmental pediatrician or a child psychologist who specializes in autism disorders. The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) is a test that certain psychologists will administer.

Autism Spectrum Disorders – ASD’s

Firstly these forms were considered to be distinct situations. They are now classified as autism spectrum disorders. 

Asperger’s syndrome is one of them. These children don’t have a problem with language. In fact, on intelligence tests, they appear to score in the average or above-average range. They do, however, have social concerns and a small range of interests.

Autistic disorder is a condition that affects children who are autistic. When most people hear the word “autism,” they immediately think of this. It refers to social contact, communication, and play issues in children under the age of three.

Disintegrative disorder in children. For at least two years these children grow normally, but then lose some or all of their speech and social skills.

Pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) is a term used to describe (PDD or atypical autism). If your child shows certain autism behavior, such as delays in social and communication skills, but does not fall into another category, your doctor may use this term.

Psychologists as mental health care providers play a major role in understanding biological, behavioral, and social factors that influence mental health and physical wellbeing. Dr. (Prof) R K Suri, the Senior Clinical Psychologist at Psychowellness Center, is a trained professional clinical psychologist, having more than 36 years of experience in all kinds of mental health issues and related therapeutic interventions.

Furthermore, TalkToAngel online mental health services under him put your needs first. They can help you with flexible appointments, personalized and customized intervention plans all at the tip of your fingers.

Recommended reads for you:

How Music Therapy Benefits the Autistic Brain?

Screen Time: Child and Adolescent Psychological Wellness

6 Important Aspects of Autism Spectrum Disorder

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